M. Giulini, R. Fiorentini, L. Tubiana, R. Potestio, R. Menichetti, EXCOGITO, an Extensible Coarse-Graining Toolbox for the Investigation of Biomolecules by Means of Low-Resolution Representations, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (2024)

Bottom-up coarse-grained (CG) models proved to be essential to complement and sometimes even replace all-atom representations of soft matter systems and biological macromolecules. The development of low-resolution models takes the moves from the reduction of the degrees of freedom employed, that is, the definition of a mapping between a systemâ€™s high-resolution description and its simplified counterpart. Even in the absence of an explicit parametrization and simulation of a CG model, the observation of the atomistic system in simpler terms can be informative: this idea is leveraged by the mapping entropy, a measure of the information loss inherent to the process of coarsening. Mapping entropy lies at the heart of the extensible coarse-graining toolbox, EXCOGITO, developed to perform a number of operations and analyses on molecular systems pivoting around the properties of mappings. EXCOGITO can process an all-atom trajectory to compute the mapping entropy, identify the mapping that minimizes it, and establish quantitative relations between a low-resolution representation and the geometrical, structural, and energetic features of the system. Here, the software, which is available free of charge under an open-source license, is presented and showcased to introduce potential users to its capabilities and usage.